Get Free Quotes Now

The Major Steps To Build A House

Building a home is no small undertaking. No individual is equipped with the information or skills to successfully accomplish this task alone. In fact, home building requires many steps and a lot of help.

Steps to Building a House

Below is a list of all the major steps to build a home. Included are descriptions of each step. Building companies or subcontractors perform most of these steps. .

To build a Home… Building a home is no small undertaking.  No individual is equipped with the information or skills to successfully accomplish this task alone.  In fact, home building requires many steps and a lot of help. Steps to Building a House Below is a list of all the major steps to build a home.  Included are descriptions of each step.  Building companies or subcontractors perform most of these steps.
  • Grading and site preparation: The crew that prepares your site is often the same as the crew that installs your foundation.  However, if the site requires special attention, a specialty crew may be called in to perform the task. This step involves removing the encroaching trees, large rocks, and leveling the area where the house will sit.
  • Foundation construction:  There are three basic types of foundations: crawl spaces, basements, and slabs.  The picture at left is of a concrete slab foundation.  This type of foundation works well on level sites and in warm climates.  These are sometimes called “floating slab” foundations because they “float” above the soil with the sides of the foundation supporting it.
  • Framing: This step is traditionally broken down into three sub-steps: floor, walls, and roof.  A new crew comes in to perform this step and is likely the same as the crew that will install your windows and doors.  A floor does not need to be built when a slab foundation is used, because it is the floor. The walls are constructed using 2x4’s placed with 16-inch centers and plywood or OSB for sheathing. Sheathing provides strength and rigidity.  In this picture, you can see where a window will eventually be cut out and installed.  You can also see where interior walls will be added.
  • Installation of windows and doors: These usually arrived in one big shipment.  With the walls and roof up, the house now appears enclosed.  The next step is to place the windows and door, thus fully enclosing the house.  The installation of windows and doors must be weather tight; a variety of materials can be used.
  • Roofing:  The frame for the roof is already constructed but it is time to put on the shingles, or other roofing material you prefer.  Likely, a dedicated roofing crew will come to perform this task. Depending on the size and complexity of your roof, this step can take anywhere from 1-5 days.
  • Siding: If your house uses vinyl siding, now is the time for it to be installed.  Likewise, stucco or other outer coverings will placed now. Now, the house is called, “dried in”: protected from the rain. It may feel like you are in the home stretch but there are still many steps before home building is completed.
  • Rough electrical: A certified electrician is used for this step. There are many rules and regulations to follow, in order for your house to pass its’ home inspections. Electricity is wired to any place an outlet is required, an appliance will be located, or a fixture hung. Often the plumber and electrician work in the house and the same time.
  • Rough plumbing: A professional plumber will absolutely be called out for this step!  Plumbing may look simple, but installing new pipes for an entire house requires following many guidelines and rules. It is no simple task.  No one wants to backup!
  • Rough HVAC: This is just what is sounds like; the installation of the Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning system. Now is the time for the vents that carry the AC and heat to be placed into your home.
  • Insulation: Ah, pretty pink insulation.  It isn’t the only type of insulation, but is certainly what your mind pictures when thinking of “insulation”. In reality, there are dozens of different choices for insulation, each with varying qualities. The purpose of insulation is to lower cooling and heating costs by keeping warm air inside the house until it cools enough to evaporate out naturally.
  • Drywall: When viewed from the outside your home looks complete.  However, inside it won’t look finished until the drywall is up.   Drywall is also called “plaster board” and “sheetrock”.  Some building companies use subcontractors for this step and some do it themselves.
  • Underlayment: This is what goes between the foundation and your “pretty” floor, such as the carpet, tile, or hardwood.  These are different from subfloors and they vary based on the type of finished flooring you plan to install.
  • Trim: This, and all the following steps, are finishing up.  After the cabinets, interior doors, and molding are installed, the little trim pieces are placed.
  • Painting: This step is done after the molding is installed and certainly, makes a house feel like a home.
  • Finish electrical: The same electrician returns and installs the light fixtures, switch plates, wall outlets, and cover plates.
  • Bathroom and kitchen counters and cabinets: A cabinet company often performs this step.  The cabinets are simply aligned to the wall and screwed in.  A separate counter company may come and install the counter, after the cabinets are in.
  • Finish plumbing: After the cabinets and counters are placed the same plumber will return and install the faucets, sinks, toilets, and the water heater.
  • Carpet and flooring: This shouldn’t go down until the paint is on the walls.
  • Finish HVAC: Now, your AC unit and/or furnace will be installed. Depending on the size of your home, you may need more than one.
  • Hookup to water main, or well drilling: It’s time to bring water to all those plumbing fixtures.
  • Hookup to sewer or installation of a septic system: It’s also time to arrange for the toilet to empty from the house.
  • Punch list: The builder and a home inspector check the details of the house, noting any troubles (called a punch list).  Contractors return to fix any problems.
  • Move in!  Once the punch list is complete and the final home inspection complete, it’s finally time to MOVE IN!
So, the next time you walk into a beautiful home, you will understand all the time, effort, and expertise involved in creating such a masterpiece